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Enquiry & Concept-Based Learning

BST teacher answering questions from students in class

Concept-Based Enquiry is an approach to teaching and learning that develops deeper thinking and helps students to connect their understanding and knowledge across subjects. The approach brings together two teaching practices - Enquiry-Based Learning and Concept-Based Learning.



Enquiry-based learning focuses on the creation and investigation of questions as the focus of the learning. Students take an active role in both posing and answering questions. As they do so, they construct meaning and develop an understanding of the subject.

When combined with Concept-Based Learning, those questions are designed to focus on transferable understandings or concepts. This approach helps students to see patterns, make connections, and apply their learning beyond the context of the lesson or subject.

Students in the Primary School at BST use this approach when studying humanities and science-based subjects. For example, the concept of change can be investigated in science, geography and history. Students can connect their learning through the overriding concept as they establish their questions within each subject.

This approach is being developed within Key Stage 3 (Years 7-9) and Key Stage 4 (Years 10-11). Whilst subjects are taught by subject specialists in the BST Secondary School, key concepts enable students to link their learning and form a deeper and more coherent understanding of the world.

In Years 12 and 13, students can complement their A-level subjects by studying for the Extended Project Qualification (EPQ). The EPQ is an independent academic research project of the student's choice. Concept-Based Enquiry Learning strategies lie at the centre of this qualification and prepare students for the independent research projects they may undertake at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels at University.